Madagascar’s macroeconomic outlook has been affected by weaker external demand, the increased spread of the pandemic, and significant losses of revenue. Since the first reported cases on March 20, 2020, the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases stands at 41,488 (850 deaths, 40,774 recovered) as of June 3, 2021.
The authorities continue to implement mitigation measures to accommodate the impact of the pandemic to ensure the health of the population and preserve macroeconomic stability. The national state of emergency first declared on March 23, 2020 and followed by several lockdowns and gradual ease of quarantine measures was lifted on October 18, 2020. On March 26, 2021 authorities reinstated restrictive measures and declared a second wave of the pandemic, as the number of COVID-19 cases were increasing, and new variants were detected. While a full lockdown was avoided, on May 17, 2021 curfew was imposed on four regions, including total lockdown over the weekends. Following the activation of their national contingency plan, the authorities are taking measures to increase health spending, help the most vulnerable, support the private sector, and preserve the stability of the financial sector. In support of these measures, a multisectoral and interdisciplinary coordination unit Covid-19 Operational Command Center (CCO) was established at central, regional and local levels.
Reopening of the economy. Despite lifting the state of emergency on October 18, 2020, mask wearing remains mandatory (failure to wear one may result in 24-hour arrest or mandatory public works) and public events remain restricted to no more than 100 attendees. Domestic flights require 48-hour testing prior to boarding for all passengers. As of March 27, 2021, all international flights remain suspended. The COVID-data portal has been reactivated, and the Special Intervention Battalion will be redeployed to assist medical staff in monitoring COVID cases and patients.